Basic trading terms
Guest Author Nov 28,IST Young individuals who have the interest and the enthusiasm for stock trading usually lack the basic domain knowledge of the market. Before you go out into too many technicalities, here is a little glossary with few key terminologies that you should know before you start investing in the trade market.
Glossary of trading terms
Basic Terminologies Of Stock Market 1. Agent: A brokerage firm is said to be an agent when it acts on behalf of the client in buying or purchasing of shares.
The stock market is any exchange that allows people to buy and sell stocks and companies to issue stocks. The purpose for the trader is to make money.
At no point of time in the entire transaction the agent will own the shares. Assets: Everything the company owns on its name, including the cash, equipments, land, technology etc. Advertisement 4. At the money: A situation at which an options strike price is identical to the price of the underlying securities. Options trading activity tends to be basic trading terms when options are at the money.
Bear Market : A market in which stock prices are falling consistently. Beta: It is a measurement of relationship between stock price of any particular stock and the movement of whole market. Bid: It is the highest price a buyer is willing to pay for a stock.
Blue Chip Stock: Stocks of large, well-established and financially-sound companies which hold a record of consistently increasing rate of paying the dividends over decades to its stock holders. Blue chip stocks typically have a market capitalization in thousands of crores.
Board Lot: A standard trading unit as defined by the particular exchange board. Board lot basic trading terms usually depends on the per share price. Common board lot size are 50, units. Advertisement Bonds: It is promissory note issued by companies or government to its buyers.
It speaks about the specified amount held for a specified time period by the buyer. Book: An electronic record of managing all the pending buy and sell orders of particular stocks. But they charge a commission for their service.
The alpha can be positive or negative, depending on its proximity to the market. Find out more Amortisation is the process of spreading the repayment of a loan, or the cost of an intangible asset, over a specific timeframe. This is usually a set number of months or years, depending on the conditions set by banks or copyright agencies. Amortisation will often incur interest payments, set at the discretion of the lender.
Bull Market: A market in which the stock price are increasing consistently. Business Day: Monday to Friday, excluding public holidays. Call Option: An option that is given to investor the right but not obligation to buy a particular stock at a specified price within a specified time period. Close Price: The final price at which the stock is traded on a given particular trading day. Commodities: Product used for commerce that are traded on a separate, authorized commodities platform.
Farming industry and government employees excluded. It is considered a measure for all U. Brent Crude Oil A trading classification for sweet light crude oil.
Commodities include agricultural products and natural resources. Convertible Securities: A security bonds, debentures, preferred stocks by an issuer that can be converted into other securities of that issuer are known as convertible securities. The conversion usually occurs at the option of the holder, but it may occur at the option of the issuer.
Debentures: A type of debt instrument that is not secured by physical assets or collateral. Debentures are backed only by the general creditworthiness and reputation of the issuer. A debenture is an unsecured form of investment. Defensive Stock: A stock that provides a constant dividends and stable earnings even in the periods of economic downturn i.
Delta: The ratio that compares the change in the price of the underlying asset to the corresponding change in the price of a derivative. Sometimes referred to as the hedge ratio. It has a range from 0 to 1. Derivatives: A security whose price is derived from one or more underlying assets. The most common underlying assets include stocks, bonds, commodities, currencies, interest rates and market indexes.
Diversification: Reducing the investment risk by purchasing shares of different companies operating in different sectors.
It is usually declared as a percentage of current share price or some specified INR value, usually decided by the board of directors of the company. Equity: Common and preferred stocks, which represents basic trading terms in the ownership of a company. Face value: It is the cash denomination or the amount of money the holder of the individual security going to earn from the issuer of the security at the time of maturity.
It is also basic trading terms as par value.
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Hedge: A strategy or an attempt in reducing the risk of adverse price movements of assets. Income Stock: A security which has a solid record of dividend payments and offers the dividend higher than the common stocks. Index: A statistical measurement of change in the economy or security market. Indices have their own calculation methodology and are usually measured as a percentage change in the base value over the time. IPOs are issued by smaller, younger companies seeking funds for expansion and growth, but large companies also practice this to become publicly traded companies.
Internet Trading: Internet Trading is a platform with Internet as a medium. Internet trading execution takes place through order routing system, which will rout traders order to exchange trading system.
Thus traders sitting in any part of the world can be able to trade using their brokers Internet Trading System.
What are the most important trading terms
Limit Order: An order to buy or sell a share at a specified price. The order will be executed only at the specified limit price or even better.
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- F First Notice Day According to Chicago Board of Trade rules, the first day on which a notice of intent to deliver a commodity in fulfillment of a given month's futures contract can be made by the clearinghouse to a buyer.
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A limit order sets a minimum price the seller is willing to accept and maximum price the buyer is willing to pay for it. Listed Stocks: The shares of an issuer that are traded on the stock exchange. The issuer has to pay fees to be listed in the stock exchange and abide by the regulations of the stock exchange to maintain listing privilege. It is calculated basic trading terms multiplying all the outstanding shares with the current market price of one share.
Mutual Fund: A pool of money managed by experts by investing in stocks, bonds and other securities with the objective of improving their savings. These experts will create a diversified portfolio from these funds. Odd Lot: A number of shares which are less than or greater than but not equal to the board lot options earnings. For example, if the board lot size is shares, an odd lot would be basic trading terms ways to make money on the website shares.
Usually odd lots are difficult for trading and it is not accepted easily in the market. One-sided Market: A market that has only potential sellers or only potential buyers but not both. For put options, this means the stock price is above the strike price. Portfolio: Holding of any basic trading terms or institution. A portfolio may include various type of securities of different companies operating in different sectors.
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Positions Limit: Maximum number of futures and options contract that any individual investor can hold at any given point of time. Pre-opening Session: The pre-open session is for duration of 15 minutes i. In pre-open session order entry, modification and cancelation takes place. Put Option: An option that is given to investor the right to sell a particular stock at a stated price within a specified time period.
Put option is purchased by those who believe that particular stock price is going to fall down than the stated price. Risk:A probable chances of investments actual returns will be reduced then as calculated.
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Risk is usually measured by calculating the standard deviation of the historical price returns. Standard deviation is directly proportional to the degree of risk associated. Securities: A transferable certificate of ownership of investment in products such as stocks, bonds, future contracts and options which an individual holds. Strike Price: The price at which the holder of an option can buy in case of call option or sell in case of put option the securities they hold when the option is executed.
Stock Split: An attempt to increase the number of outstanding shares of a company by splitting the existing shares. It is usually done to increase the availability of shares in the market.
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The usual split ratio is ori. Thin Basic trading terms A market in which there are comparatively low number of bids to buy and offers to sell.
Since the number of transactions is low the prices are very volatile. Trading session: The period of time from AM to PM is open for trading for both sellers and buyers, within this time frame all the orders of the day must be placed.
Common Trading Terms and Definitions
Here all the orders placed in pre-opening sessions are matched and executed. Yield: It is the measure of return on investments in terms of percentage.
Stock yield is calculated by dividing the current price of the share by the annual dividend paid by the company for that share.