In the money out of the money options near the money. In the money options
Glossary Moneyness of an option Moneyness is a strange sounding term, but it is sometimes used for describing the amount of intrinsic value an option has. All options belong to one of the three basic groups and they can move between these groups as the market price of the underlying changes, as you will see below.
The three groups are: In the money options At the money options Out of the money options Shortcuts are frequently used for these terms and they are also used here on Macroption.
Near-the-Money Close-to-the-Money Options Definition The term near-the-money refers to an option that is close to having intrinsic value based on the strike price of the option relative to the market price of the underlying asset. The concept of moneyness helps an investor to understand the position of an underlying asset relative to an option's strike price. Explanation When an investor holds an option they are provided with the right, but not an obligation, to buy or sell the underlying asset at the strike price on or before the contract's expiration date.
In the money options An option is in the money if its intrinsic value is greater than zero probably the most important sentence of this article, read it once again.
This means that if you would exercise an in the money option and immediately buy or sell the underlying stock in the stock market to offset the exercise, you would get more cash for the selling than you give away for the buying you would be net cash positive from these transactions.
ITM call options — lower strikes For a call option being in the money means that the market price of the underlying stock or underlying security in general is higher than the strike price of the call option. If you exercise the call, you would be buying the underlying stock for the strike price and then you could immediately sell the stock in the stock market for the market price, which would be higher.
ITM put options — higher strikes For a put option things are just inverse.
A put option is in the money when its strike price is higher than the current market price of its underlying security. You can buy the stock for the lower market price in the stock market and exercise the put option, which means selling the stock for the higher strike price.
'Near the Money' Definition
Yes, all in the money options are not equal. Some are more ITM than some other. How this relates to option prices From the descriptions above it is evident that owning and ITM option is a good thing and the more in the money the option is, the higher intrinsic value it has, and the more valuable it is other things being equal.
Therefore, holding all other parameters constant, the more in the money an option in the money out of the money options near the money, the higher its price. For calls, the lower the strike price, the cheaper you can buy the underlying if you exercise the call option, the more intrinsic value it has, the more ITM it is, and the more expensive the option itself is.
By Cory Mitchell Updated Aug 30, Out-of-the-money OTM options are more cheaply priced than in-the-money ITM or in-the-money options because the OTM options require the underlying asset to move further in order for the value of the option called the premium to substantially increase. Out-of-the-money options are ones whereby the strike price is unfavorable when compared to the underlying stock's price.
For puts, the higher the strike price, the higher you can sell the underlying if you exercise the put option, the more intrinsic value it has, the more ITM it is, and the more expensive the option itself is. Out of the money options Out of the money options are, as the name suggests, the opposite of in the money options.
OTM call options have a strike price higher than the current market price of the underlying. OTM put options have a strike price lower than the current market price of the underlying. It is not a good idea to exercise an out of the money option, as you would simply get a better price if you trade the underlying in the stock market without using the option.
They are the options whose strike price is roughly equal to the current market price of the underlying. They are exactly on the edge.
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Summary — to keep it simple and short In the money ITM : positive intrinsic value, generally calls with low strikes and puts with high strikes. At the money ATM : zero intrinsic value, strike price equal to market price of the underlying.