How to make stomach cancer fast, What to know about stomach cancer
Stomach cancer is much more common in older people, with 90 out of cases occurring in people who are over 55 years of age. Indigestion is a very common symptom in the general population. However, it's unlikely that someone with indigestion who's under the age of 55 will have stomach cancer.
What to know about stomach cancer
Also see your GP if you have difficulty swallowing. Causes of stomach cancer Stomach cancer is caused by changes in the cells of the stomach, although it's unclear exactly why these changes occur.
Cancer begins with a change mutation in the structure of the DNA in cells, which can affect how they grow. Left untreated, cancer can spread to other parts of the body, usually through the lymphatic system a network of vessels and glands called lymph nodes located throughout the body. Once the cancer reaches your lymphatic system, it's capable of spreading to other parts of your body, including your blood, bones and organs.
These are discussed below. Age and gender Your risk of developing stomach cancer increases with age. Most cases occur in people aged 55 or over. For reasons that are unclear, men are twice best binary options traders of the year likely as women to develop stomach cancer. Smoking People who smoke are about twice as likely to develop stomach cancer compared with non-smokers.
This is because you swallow some cigarette smoke when you inhale and it ends up in your stomach. The more you smoke and the longer you've been smoking, the bigger the risk.
Stomach Cancer (Gastric Adenocarcinoma)
Diet A diet rich in pickled vegetables, such as pickled onions or piccalilli, salted fish, salt in general and smoked meats, such as pastrami or smoked beef, increases your risk of stomach cancer.
Countries where this type of diet is popular, such as Japan, tend to have much higher rates of stomach cancer than the UK.
Irinotecan Camptosar Paclitaxel Taxol The side effects of chemotherapy depend on the individual and the dose used, but they can include fatigue, risk of infection, nausea and vomiting, hair loss, loss of appetite, and diarrhea. These side effects usually go away after treatment is finished. Learn more about the basics of chemotherapy. This type of treatment blocks the growth and spread of cancer cells and limits damage to healthy cells. Not all tumors have the same targets.
Family history You're more likely to develop stomach cancer if you have a close relative with the condition, such as one of your parents or a sibling brother or sister. In such cases, it may be appropriate for your doctor to arrange genetic counselling.
It's not fully understood why stomach cancer seems to run in families. It may be because of shared risk factors, such as having similar diets or having an H. In around one in 50 cases of stomach cancer, testing has found that people share a mutation in a gene known as E-cadherin. Research into stomach cancer has also shown that you may be more at risk of getting the condition if you have the blood type A.
Treatments may include surgery, chemotherapyradiation therapymedications, and taking part in clinical trials. Surgery Share on Pinterest There are surgical procedures available to treat stomach cancer.
There's also a condition that runs in families called familial adenomatous polyposis FAPwhich may increase your risk of developing stomach cancer. FAP causes small growths, called polyps, to form in your digestive system, and is known to increase your risk of developing bowel cancer.
Stomach surgery If you've had stomach surgery, or surgery to a part of your body that affects your stomach, you may be more likely to develop stomach cancer. This can include surgery to remove part of your stomach known as a partial gastrectomysurgery to remove part of your vagus nerve the nerve that carries information from your brain to organs such as your heart, lungs and digestive systemor surgery to repair a stomach ulcer.
Diagnosing stomach cancer See your GP as soon as possible if you have stomach cancer symptoms such as indigestion, unexpected weight loss, anaemia and persistent vomiting.
Your GP will ask about your symptoms and examine your stomach for any lumpiness or tenderness. If they think that stomach cancer may be a possibility they'll refer you to a specialist for further investigation. Find out who should be referred for further tests for suspected stomach cancer. Hospital tests If your GP thinks you may have stomach cancer, they'll refer you to a specialist for tests. A sample of your stools may also be tested for blood. Read more about waiting times.
Endoscopy and endoscopic ultrasound An endoscopy is a procedure where the inside of your body is examined using a piece of equipment called an endoscope a long, thin flexible tube with a light and a video camera at the end. If you need to have an endoscopy, you won't be able to eat or drink for four to eight hours before the procedure.
This is to ensure your stomach and duodenum top of the small intestine are empty. You'll be awake during the endoscopy, but may be given a sedative by injection to make you feel drowsy and relaxed.
If You Have Stomach Cancer
The endoscope will be passed down your gullet food pipe and into your stomach so the specialist can look for any stomach ulcers or signs of cancer. If tissue is found that may be cancerous, a sample will be taken for testing.
This procedure is known as a biopsy. The sample will be examined under a microscope in a laboratory. The results will show whether the cells are cancerous malignant or non-cancerous benign and will usually take 7 to 10 days to come back.
The endoscopy itself usually takes about 15 minutes, although you should allow about 2 hours in total for your visit. If your specialist thinks you may have cancer in the top part of your stomach, you may have an ultrasound scan at the same time as an endoscopy.
This is known as an endoscopic ultrasound and uses high-frequency sound waves to produce an image of your stomach this method is commonly used to view an unborn baby in the womb.
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If you have an endoscopic ultrasound, an ultrasound probe will be attached to the end of the endoscope before it's passed down your throat.
The scan will help determine the stage of any cancer in the top part of your stomach. After an endoscopy, or an endoscopic ultrasound, you won't be able to drive for several hours because of the sedative. You may also have a sore throatalthough this should pass within a few days. Barium meal X-ray A barium meal X-ray or barium swallow involves drinking a chalky liquid containing a substance called barium, which makes your stomach show up on an X-ray.
Nowadays, however, it's less commonly used to diagnose stomach cancers.
Organs such as your stomach don't usually show up on an X-ray because they're made of soft tissue that isn't dense enough to stop the X-rays passing through. However, when these organs are filled with barium, it blocks the X-rays and shows up white on an X-ray screen. You won't able to eat or drink for at least 6 hours before the procedure because your stomach and duodenum need to be empty.
You may be given an injection to relax the muscles in your digestive system. A barium swallow usually takes about 15 minutes. Afterwards, you'll be able to eat and drink as normal, although you may need to drink more water to help flush the barium out of your system.
You may feel slightly sick, and the barium may cause constipation. Your stools may be white for a few days afterwards as the barium passes through your system. Further testing If you're diagnosed with stomach cancer, further tests may be needed to help determine how far it's spread and how quickly it's likely to spread known as the stage and grade.
Your cancer specialist oncologist will discuss this with you. However, it may not always be possible to identify the exact stage of your condition until your treatment starts. Laparoscopy Your specialist may need to examine your stomach in more detail to see if the cancer has spread, particularly to the lining of the abdominal cavity peritoneum.
Medical Oncology Treatment Options for Stomach Cancer
If it has, you may need to have a small operation called a laparoscopy. This procedure is carried out under a general anaestheticso you'll be unconscious during it. During the procedure, a thin viewing tube with a camera at the end a laparoscope will be inserted into your stomach through a small incision in the lower part of your tummy. In some cases, your specialist may need to examine more than one area of your stomach and make more than one incision.
Computerised how to make stomach cancer fast or positron emission tomography scans During CT scans or PET scansa series of X-ray images of your body are taken. A computer is then used to put the images together and create a detailed picture of the inside of your body.
These scans will help your doctor assess how advanced your cancer is. It allows them to see whether the cancerous cells have formed tumours anywhere else in the body. Liver ultrasound scan If your specialist thinks your stomach cancer may have spread to your liver, you may need to have a liver ultrasound.
This type of scan uses high-frequency sound waves to produce an image of your liver. Staging and grading After all of the tests have been completed and your test results are known, it should be possible to tell what stage and grade of stomach cancer you have. Staging is a measurement of how far cancer has spread. There are a number of different ways stomach cancer can be staged. One method uses a numbering system from 1 to 4.
The higher the number, the further the cancer has spread. Grading describes how quickly the cancer is likely to spread in the future.
Treating stomach cancer The treatments recommended for stomach cancer will depend on your general health and how far the cancer how to make stomach cancer fast spread. Feel free to discuss treatment with your care team at any time and ask questions. Your treatment plan The main treatments for stomach cancer are surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
You may have one of these treatments or a combination. If surgery is recommended, you may have chemotherapy beforehand. If the tumour is in the upper part of your stomach, including the junction between the oesophagus and stomach, you may also have radiotherapy prior to surgery.
Surgery is mainly used if stomach cancer is diagnosed at an early stage, whereas chemotherapy and radiotherapy tend how to make stomach cancer fast be used when the condition is diagnosed at a later stage. If it's not possible to remove the tumour, your doctors will focus on how to make stomach cancer fast to prevent it from getting any bigger and causing further harm to your body.
This may be done using surgery or chemotherapy.
In some cases, it's not possible to eliminate the cancer or slow it down. In this case, your treatment will aim to relieve your symptoms and make you as comfortable as possible, usually with surgery or radiotherapy. Your healthcare team will talk to you about which treatments are most suitable. It can also be used to remove the tumour completely if stomach cancer is diagnosed at an early stage. However, if your cancer has spread beyond your stomach, it may not be possible to remove it completely.
If this is the case, you may still have surgery to remove any cancer blocking your stomach, to ease your symptoms. This will depend on whether your symptoms can be controlled and the risks and side effects of undertaking major surgery. Any type of surgery for stomach cancer will involve a large operation and a long recovery time. If you have stomach cancer surgery, you'll usually need to stay in hospital for around 2 weeks. You'll also need several weeks at home to recover. Surgery to remove part of your stomach is known as a partial or sub-total gastrectomy, recommend making money on the Internet surgery to remove all of your stomach is known as a total gastrectomy.
Ask your doctor to use this picture to show you where your cancer is. Different kinds of stomach cancer There are many types of stomach cancer. Some are very rare. Most stomach cancers are a type called adenocarcinoma.
Both of these techniques are carried out under general anaestheticwhich means you'll be unconscious throughout the procedure.
During these operations, your surgeon will also remove the lymph nodes small glands that help fight infection nearest to the cancer. It's possible that your stomach cancer may have spread to these lymph nodes, and removing them helps prevent the cancer returning. After surgery, your stomach will be smaller than it was before the operation.
However, the top part of your stomach, where your oesophagus feeds into it, won't be affected. Total gastrectomy or oesophagogastrectomy If your cancer is in the middle or at the top of your stomach, you may need to have a total gastrectomy. If you have a total gastrectomy, the end of your gullet will be joined to the top of your jejunum the top part of your small intestine. If you have an oesophagogastrectomy, the remaining part of your gullet will be joined to your jejunum.
Surgery to ease your symptoms If your how to make stomach cancer fast cancer has spread beyond your stomach, it may not be possible to remove it using surgery.
However, if your stomach has been significantly affected by cancer it can cause a blockage, which prevents food from being properly digested.
A blocked stomach can cause symptoms such as stomach pain, vomiting and feeling very full after eating. As it circulates through your body, the medicine can target cancer cells in your stomach and any that may have spread to other parts of your body. You may have chemotherapy for stomach cancer before surgery to reduce the amount of cancer that has to be removed during the operation.
Chemotherapy can also be used after surgery to destroy any remaining cancer cells and prevent the cancer from coming back.
Chemotherapy can also help to slow the progression of cancer and ease the symptoms of more advanced stomach cancer, which may not be suitable for surgery. If may be given orally as tablets or intravenously by injection or a drip through a vein directly into your bloodstreamor a combination of both. Intravenous chemotherapy is usually given in hospital, while oral chemotherapy is taken at home.
Chemotherapy is often given in cycles, each usually lasting about three weeks.
Alternatively, chemotherapy may be administered through a small pump, which gives you a constant low dose over a few weeks or months. The pumps are portable and can be worn at home, which means fewer trips to hospital.
Side effects of chemotherapy Chemotherapy works by preventing cancerous cells from growing rapidly. Side effects may include: tiredness.